Mizoram Tui Dinhmun

Mizoramah hian Tui hnar (source) chi nga vel kan nei ti ila kan sawi sual tam awm love. Chungte chu:-

1)      Lui tui,

2)      Dil tui,

3)      Tuikhur tui,

4)      Leichhung tui (Ground Water) leh

5)      Ruah tui te an ni.

Heng kan tui neih hrang hrangte hi kan hmang tangkai hle a, ei leh in atan te, buh leh thlai chawmna atan te, ranvulhna atan te kan hmang a, heng kan tui hman te hi an him tawk em? Mihring, ran leh thlaite tan hman tlak an ni reng em? Tih hi i han bihchiang dawn teh ang.

Tui kan tih hi hydrogen leh Oxygen in chawhpawlh in a siam a ni a, a chemical formula chu H2O a ni. Tui hian thil a ti thei hle a, a khawih/tawh apiang a pawm tel thei emaw tih mai tur a ni. Chuvangin, enkawl uluk pawh a \ul hle a ni. Tuiah hian Mihring, ran leh thlai in kan mamawh minerals chi hrang hrang, natna min thlen thei natna hrik te leh tur (poison) chi hrang hrangte a lo tel \hin a, chungte avang chuan WHO (World Health Organisation) te , BIS (Bureau of Indian Standard) te, ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research) te hian mihring leh ran tana tui intur him tawk bithliah fel tak (Guideline) an lo siam nghe nghe a ni. Hetiang Drinking Water Quality Standard an siam tak chhungah hian kan ram tui te hi an awm ngei em tih enfiah a, vil/ven reng chu PHE Department hmalakna peng pawimawh tak pakhat a ni. Hemi kawnga hma la tur hian Sawrkar-in tui endikna (Water Testing Laboratory) Mizoram hmun hrang hrangah hetiang hian a dah a ni:-

1)      State Referral Institute (SRI):- Hei hi Aizawlah awmin Chief Chemist in a ho a, Mizoram pumpui a enkawl a ni.

2)      District Laboratory:- Mizoram chhunga District Headquarter tinah District Laboratory hawn vek a ni a, Senior Chemist leh Chemist in an enkawl a ni.

3)      Sub-Divisional Laboratory:- Central Sawrkar kaihhruaina dung zuiin Mizoram hmun hrang hrangah Tui endikna Laboratory hawn belh mek zel a ni a. Tun dinhmunah hian Sub-Divisional Laboratory 14 hawn a ni tawh a, adang 4 hawn belh leh tur a hmalak mek a ni. Hengah te hian thawktu 3 (pathum) zel dah an ni.

A chunga kan sawi tawh tak State Referral Institue te, District Laboratory te, Sub-Divisional Laboratory te hian kan ram chhunga kan tui tlan hrang hrangte hi mihring, ran leh thlai te tan an him tawk em tih endik a, vil/ven reng hi an hnapui ber a ni. Hemi kawngah hian mipuiten mawhphurhna kan nei lian hle a, kan khua/veng \heuh a kan tui tlante dinhmun kan hriat theih nan heng Laboratories ah hian a khat tawka endik (test) tir \hin hi a tlantu mipuite tih ngei tur a ni. Heta hma latur hian PHE Department chuan khawtinah VWSC (Village Water & Sanitation Committee) a din nghe nghe a ni.

A hmasa lama kan sawi tawh ang khan, Tui hian thil \ha leh \halo chi hrang hrang a pai / keng tel \hin a, ram \henkhatah chuan damdawi (chemical) hlauhawm pui pui, mihring hriselna tichhe thei thil tam tak an tui tlanah a tel \hin avangin tuithianghlim intur mumal neilo an awm \hin. Hemi kawngah hianMizoram hi kan vannei hle a, mithiamte sawi dan in kan tui tlan hrang hrangah hian damdawi hlauhawm a tel ve meuhlo niin a lang a, kan la vannei hle a ni. Chutih rual chuan \henkhat kan hriselna khawih pawithei tlem a zawng chu a awm ve niin a hriat a, chung te chu tawi te te in lo sawi ila.

1)      Natna hrik (bacteria & Virus):- Laboratory hrang hranga tui endikna result a alan danin Mizorama kan tui tlan, luitui, tuikhur leh adangah te hian natna hrik (Bacteria & Virus) an awm tlangpui ni in a lang. Hetiang hi kan tui dinhmun a nih avangin, PHE Department chuan khawpui leh thingtlang tui lak \henkhatah hi chuan natna hrik (Disinfection) hmanrua hman a ni a, ala neilo te tan pawh hma a laksak mek a ni. Hetianga la tihsak loh khua kan la awm a nih pawhin tui intur bik atan chuan awlsam takin chhungtin ten tih theih kan nei a, chu chu ‘tui chhuan so’ hi a ni. Tui hi minute 15 vel \ha taka kan chuan so chuan natna hrik tam tak chu a thi thei a ni. Natna tam tak hi tuithianghlimlo in/ei atang kaichhawn theih a ni a, chung zinga a langsar zualte chu:                                   1) Kawthalo (Diarrhea)                                                 2) Santen (Amoebic and Basillary Dysentry)                 3) Tuihri (Cholera)

          4) Khawsikpui (Typhoid)

          5) Mitliam (Jaundice) te, rulhut pai vanga natna te leh ril lam natna te an ni. Heng natna hrikte hi tui inturah an lo awma mihring emaw, ran emaw kawchhung an lo thlenin an inthlahpun theihna tawk chiaha lum 37o C/ 44o C a lo ni a, hetiang hmun, an lum duhtawk chiah ah hi chuan zankhat lekah pawh a sangtelin an inthlahpung thei a, chu chuan mihring leh ranah natna a thlen \hin a ni. WHO chhut dan chuan khawvel ram \hang mek te zingah hian damdawi In khum 25% hi tui \halo in/ei vanga damlo ten englai pawhin an luah reng niin an sawi. Khawvela natna chi hrang hrang 75% lai mai hi bacteria leh virus nena inkaihhnawih tui thianghlimlo ei leh in vanga lo awm niin mithiamte chuan an sawi a ni.

2)      Iron Content:- kan sawi tak ang khan kan ram tui te hi mihring leh ran ei leh in atan a \ha tlangpui a, heng HPTW (Hand Pump Tube Wells) te, Sih tui \henkhat leh tuikhur tui leh lui tui \henkhatah hian thir (Iron) kan tih engemaw zat an awm ve a, Hand Pump thenkhatah tui intur him tawk bithliah pela thir (Iron) awmna hmuh a ni a, chungah chuan a lakkian/tihtlemna (Removal plant) te pawh PHE Department hian a lo siam tawh \hin a ni. Tin, tui chhuanso vak hian heng thir chi hi engemaw chen chu paih tihtlem ve theih a ni. Tui tlan laiah thir (Iron) atam viau chuan a rim a tui lova, rawng a insiam bawk \hin. Tin, pipe a ti tuiek thei a, a tlo loh phah thei a ni. Thir (Iron) tamna tui tlantu chuan pum nuamlo leh ek khal an nei thei a, Ulcer te pawh thlen mai thei a nghaih a ni. Tuia thir awm tur pawm theih chin chu 0.3 mg/1 hnuailam a ni.

3)      pH:- pH: kan tih hi tui a hydrogen leh iron tam lam (Concentration) sawina a ni ber. A tam lam pawm theih chin chu (6.5-8.5) thleng a ni. Hei aia a hniam chuan tui khan a thur lam a pawl a, a san chuan a al/ phak lam a pawl \hin. A hniam lutuk emaw a san lutuk emaw chuan a lak kualna pipe a ti tuiek in a tlo loh phah \hin. Tin, mihringah pawh hrisellohna engemaw a thlen thei ni a ngaih a ni. Tui pH hniam in kan taksa a mucous membrane (cell tuamtu rang pante) a tichhe thei a, a san lutuk lahin pumpuiin chaw a pai \awih theihna a tikhawlo thei bawk a ni.

4)      Flouride:- Fluoride hi ka ha enamel siamtu a ni a, tui inturah Fluoride a tlem viau chuan ha a \ha thei lova, tin a tam lutukin ruha calcium a eichhia a, ruhbawk leh ruhkawi  asiam thei bawk. Hetiang natna hi Fluorosis an ti a, Fluoride atam lutuk chuan Ha natna (Dental Fluorosis) leh Ruh natna (Skeletal Fluorosis) a thlen thei a ni. Mizoram tuiah hian a tlangpui thu in Fluoride a tlem deuh vek ni a ngaih a ni a, chuvangin Tooth Paste kan lei in Fluoride telna lei \hin ila, tichuan Ha tha kan lo nei dawn a ni. Tichuan kan tui tlan tur a Fluoride tel tam zawng bithliah chu 0.5-1.0mg/1 inkar a ni tur a ni.

5)      Iodine:- Mithiamte sawi dan chuan tlangram tuiah hian Iodine a awm tlem tlangpui niin an sawi a, keini Mizoram tlangram chhengchhe ve takah hian kan lui tui leh tuikhur tuiah te hian Iodine a tlem em em niin a lang. Iodine tlakchham vang hian nausen tam tak in natna an vei phah a, ruh te lutuk leh ruh kawi (ricket) te an neih phah a, tin an \han a ti \hu a, a\hen an \han dan tur pangngai aia chakin a \han tir thei bawk. Tin, Awrpuar hi a tlangpui thu in Iodine tlakchham vang niin mithiam ten an sawi bawk a, chuvangin (Common Salt) ah hian Iodine telh a lo nih phah ta a ni.

A chunga point tlemte kan tarlan a\ang pawh khian Mizorama kan tui tlan dinhmun tlangpui chu kan hre thei mai awm e. Heng kan sawi bak pawh hi kan tui tlan ti bawlhhlawh theitu tam tak an la awm a, sawi vek sen pawh a ni lo. Chung zinga sawilan tha a ka hriat tlem han tarlang ila, Mizote hian kan thlai chinte a lo him a, kan thar tak zawk theih nan Fertiliser te, Insecticides leh Pesticides kan hmang uar ta hle  niin a lang. Heng Pesticides leh Insecticides hi kan tui tlanah leh thlai eiturah a tel tlem hle in a rin theih a, kan hriselna khawih pawi thei, Cancer hial thlen thei an nih bawk avangin a hman danah kan fimkhur hle a tul awm e. Mithiamte rawnlo leh a hmandan tur hrelo chuan hman mai chi an nilo tih kan hriat tlan a tha hle a ni. Kum 1993 vel daih tawhah khan Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) ten heng kan nitin chaw ei buh, dal, thlai leh theite hi an lo enfiah nual tawh a, mihring tana pawi thei thil DDT leh HCH a tel tam hle tih an lo sawi tawh a ni. Hetiang hi thil awmdan a nih avangin, nitina kan tui tlan leh, chaw leh thlai eitur tikawlo thei thil hman hi bansan in kan hriselna i ngai pawimawh thar theuh ang u. Lui a Sangha tura kan hrai hian, keimahni kan inhrai tel a ni tih hria in a ti \hin ten i bansan daih ang u.

Awle, kan nitin nuna a tel lo a kan awm theih hauh loh ‘tui’ hi a lo thianghlima, a pawlh buai theitu keimahni siamchawp leh thlentir \hin zawng zawng ti tawp a, tireh turin Mizorama cheng zawng zawngte ka ngen che u a, kan khua leh veng tui tlan hi enge a dinhmun hre turin State Referral Institute ah emaw, District Laboratory emaw, Sub-Divisional Laboratory-ah te endik (test) tir \hin ang u. Mitin kan lo hrisel a, kan hmel a lo \hat zawk theih nan nitin tui thianghlim tam tawk in \hin turin ka chah che u a ni e.

(Pu T. Pahlira hi VIP ah pawh hruaitu hmasa lo ni tawhin, tunah hian PHE ah  Senior Chemist. niin Kolosib ah a awm mek ani, a chungah kan lawm hle. Ed )

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