Municipality

Mizoram khawpui ber Aizawl chu ram changkang zawk te inrelbawlna anga enkawl turin kum 120 laia upa a nih hnuah buatsaih a lo ni ta.

Kum 1952 vel thleng khan Mizote chu Lal rorelna hnuaiah khaw tin an lo awm \hin a. Kum 1947 a India a indan hnuah chuan Mizoram chu Assam  sorkar hnuaia District Council pakhatah dah a ni a, hemi  hnuaiah hian Zoram mipuite chu Aizawl thuthmuna neiin enkawl kan lo ni ta a ni. Lushai Hills Autonomus District Council, kum 1952-ah a  lo piang a, Lushai Hills District tih chu Mizo Hills District Council ti a thlak a lo ni leh a. Mizoram khua Lal awpna hnuaia awm \hin, Village Council nei thei tura bithliah chinte chu Village Council pek an lo ni ta a. Chung khuate chuan inthlan dan mumal tak hmangin V/C Memberte an thlang a, dan mumal tak hmangin khua an enkawl zui ta a ni. (Dr.Lalhnehzovi).

He V/C dan hmanga khawpui leh thingtlang kan inenkawlna hi \ha thawkhat ve hle mahse, tun dinhmunah chuan ram leh hnam hmasawn zelna atan tih dan thar hman a lo \ul ve ta a.  Tichuan Constitution of India – in a lo ruahman tawh sa – Khawpui inawpna atana Municipality leh thingtlang inawpna atana Panchayati Raj System te hi India ram State tinte tan 1992 Act-in a phut angin neih makmawh (Mandatory) a lo ni a. Tichuan, khawpui dangte inenkawlna dan Municipality chu Aizawl khawpui chuan a lo nei ve ta a, Mizo history-ah Aizawl khawpui chuan rahbi thar a lo chuangkai ve tan ta a ni.

  1. Municipal |obul: Municipal tih chu “Khawpui mahnia rorelna nei” emaw ” Khawpuia tualchhung sorkar inrelbawlna” tihna a ni mai a. Khawpui enkawltu, thuneihna sang tak nei, mipui thlan mawhphurhna kengtu (Elected body), Municipal Sorkar hi “City Government” an ti bawk \hin. Constitution zawnga sawi chuan India ram danpui Article 243Q hnuaia mahnia insawrkarna (Self – Government) sawina a ni a (Chapter I section 2 clause 41). Tuna kan kalphung pangngai anga State Sorkar hnuaia awm thovin, kan khawpui len leh tet a zirin ( hei hi mihring cheng zat atanga teh a ni ber) mipui ten kan khawpui \heuhva ro kan relna tur sorkar a ni ber mai. Kan sawi tawh ang hian mihring chengte leh a khawpuiin a phu dan a zirin hming hrang hrang heng – Municipal Board, Municipal Council leh Municipal Corporation tih te hi an pu/vuah hlawm a, hengho sawina tlanglawn chu Municipality tih hi a ni.

India rama Municipal hmasa ber chu Madras (tuna Chennai) – ah kum 1688, September 29 khan din a ni a. A hnu rei loteah Bombay (tuna Mumbai) ah din a ni leh a, Calcutta (tuna Kolkalta) ah din a ni leh bawk. 73rd & 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 siam a nih hnuah phei chuan, India ram khawpui zawng zawng ti mai ila (Danin a phut angin) Municipal inrelbawlna hmangin an lo inenkawl vek a ni. State dang ten kan hman ve hmain kum 20 dawn lai an lo hmang tawh a nih chu.

Municipal inrelbawlna hian a tum bulpui ber chu thuneihna sem zai (decentralization of powers) chung si a, mipuite rorelna (grass root democracy) awmze nei taka kengkawh chunga khawpui enkawl a ni. Khawpui inawpna leh inrelbawlna felfai leh khawpuia cheng mipuite tana hamthatna (Civic Service) felfai pek hi a mawhphurhna chu a ni.

  1. 74thConstitutional Amendment act, 1992 :                    Representative Democracy tihlawh tling turin India ram hruaitu ropui tak tak ten an ngaih pawimawh em em, a bik takin Rajiv Ghandhi-a Prime Minister a rawn nih khan he thil hi rawn ngai pawimawhin Constitution-ah pawh chipchiar taka thun belhin, State ten Constitution zulzuia hma an lak theihna turin  hma a rawn la a. A thih hnu 1992-ah Pu Narasimha Rao-a hun laiin Parliament In hnihin tluang takin an pass thei ta a. Tichuan, 73rd Constitutional Amendment leh 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, chu December 22, 1992-ah pass niin, April 20,1993-ah President of India chuan remtihpuina “Assent” a pe ta a. June 1, 1993-ah chu dan (Act) chu notified a ni a, hman \an a lo ni ta a ni. Chutichuan, he dan siam \hatna tlawh chhan hian Panchayati Raj leh Municipalities te chu State tinah July 1, 1994 hma ngeia neih tur tih a ni.

74th Constitutional Amendment hian India Constitution ah Part 1X-A changing, Article 243P – 243ZG a luah a. Heng bung / changte hian thil hrang hrang a huam a, a tlangpuiin khawpui inrelbawl dan tur te, Ward awmdan tur te, seat hauhsakna dan te, term hman dan te, a hnathawh dan tur te, sum hman dan tur te, inthlan dan tur te, hmasawnna ruahman dan tur te chiang takin a tarlang a ni. 73rd Amendment hian Panchayats chungchang a sawi thung a. Nagaland, Meghalaya leh Mizoram te erawh a huam ve lova, exemption pek kan ni (Art.243M (2) (a)).

  1. Municipal hming hrang te:

Constitution of India Article 243Q-ah chuan khawpuia tualchhung sorkar neih dan tur chiang takin hetiang hian a ziak.

Nagar panchayat (a hming hi engpawh hman theih) hi transitional area-ah, chu chu Rural area atanga Urban area-a inthlak chho mek khawpuiah, Municipal Council – khawpui te deuh ho-ah, Municipal Corporation – Khawpui lian ho-ah ti te in.

Mizoram chuan Mizoram Municipalities Amendment Act, 2009 – in a sawi angin, Mi singkhat aia tlem lo awmna khuate chu transitional area, Nuai khat singnga chung lam awmna khuate chu khawpui te leh Nuai nga chung lam awmna khuate chu khawpui lian (Larger Urban Area) tiin a sawi a ni. Thil pakhat Mizoram Municipalities Amendment Act vekin a sawi kan hriat reng tur chu khawpui \henkhat mi singkhat tlinglo te chu transitional area-a puan theih an ni tho ang tih hi hriat ve hrim hrim a \ha awm e.

  1. The Mizoram Municipalities act, 2007:                              (As Amended in 2009).

Mizoram Sorkar chuan kum 2007-ah khan 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 tlawhchhanin, dan pawimawh tak mai “The Mizoram Municipalities” Act, 2007 (Act. No.6 of 2007) chu a lo pass tawh a. Governor-in pawmpuina April 16, 2007 khan a pe a. Hman a nih hma hauhin October 29, 2009 khan Mizoram Legislative Assembly chuan Amendment siamin a pass leh nghal a. “The Mizoram Municipalities (Amendment) Act, 2009 (Act No.14 of 2009) tih a ni. November 24, 2009 khan Gazetted Notice siamin hman theih turin tihchhuah a ni.

Chu Amendment-ah chuan section 23 lai tihdanglamin siam\hat a lo ni ta a, chung zingah chuan hmeichhia te tan seat awm zawng zawng hmun thum a \hena hmun khat reserved chungchang pawh a tel a ni . The Mizoram Municipalities Act – 2007-ah hian Chapter 24 awmin, section 388 a awm a, chung section hrang hranga mi chu sawi sen a ni lova, a mamawh tan chuan Aizawl Municipal Council Office, Ch. Chhunga Bus Terminal, Thuampuiah dan bu hi lei theih a ni.

He Act hnuaiah hian Rules siam a awm nual tawh a, chungte chu –

  1. a) The Mizoram Municipalities (Procedure and Conduct of Business) Rules, 2007. He Rules-ah hian Councillor te thlan an nih hnua thutiam lak dan tur te, Chairman /Vice Chairman thlan dan tur te, meeting / session neih dan tur te, leh inrelbawl dan tur hrang hrang tihlan a ni.
  1. b) The Mizoram Municipalitie (Delimination of Ward) Rules, 2008 – He Rules-ah hian Municipal Area Ward siam dan tur etc. tarlan a ni.
  1. c) The Mizoram Municipalities (Election of Councillors) Rules 2007, (As Amended in 2010) – He rules-ah hian Municipal inthlan chu State Election Commission mawhphurhna a nih thu leh inthlan dan tur chipchiar tarlan a ni a, a pumpuiin Rules 109 lai a awm.
  1. d) The Mizoram Municipalities (Ward Committee and Local Council Rules 2010 leh The Aizawl Municipal Council (Facilities to Chairman, Vice Chairman, Executive Councillors and Councilors) Rules, 2010 draft pawh siam a ni.
  1. e) The Mizoram Municipality Authorities (Prohibition of Defection) Act, 2011 (Act No.14 as 2011) chu Mizoram State Legislative Assembly chuan a pass a. July 13, 2011 khan Governor remtihna hmuin, Mizoram Gazette-ah hman theih tura tihchhuah a ni.
  1. f) The Mizoram Municipalities (Amended) Act, 2007 (Act.No.6 of 2007), Section 59 & Chapter XII in a sawi angin “Regulations of Land – use and Construction of Buildings” leh “Solid Waste Management” chu Aizawl Municipal Council kuta hlanna (subject transfer) Order September 19, 2011 khan tihchhuah a ni.
  1. Aizawl Municipal Council (AMC).

Aizawl Municipal Area chu bial 19-ah \hen a ni a, chu chu ward tih a ni. Ward tin atan Councillor pakhat \heuh thlan tur a ni a, heng Councillor thlan chhuah te hi AMC rorel khawl ber tur te chu an ni. AMC a thuneitu (Authority) chu Board of Councillors (mi 19 thlan tlin te) an ni ang a, Chairman, Vice Chairman leh Executive Councillors ten Municipal Authority-ah Executive thuneihna chu an keng ang.

Ward Committee hi Ward tinah a awm ang a, Ward Committee (Chapter III, Section 23) hi Municipality-in a siam tur a ni. Local Council tin atangin Member pahnih an tel bawk tur a ni a, Councilor te chu Ward Committee tinah Chairman an ni ang.

Local Council tih hi Municipality-in vengchhung bil hmasawnna leh inrelbawlna atana a din, mipui thlan,tualchhung roreltute an ni.(Chapter II, Section 23 Clauses)

Heng bakah hian Chapter XII, Section 61-in a sawi angin Municipal Council-ah Chief Executive Officer (C.E.O) – Official lama hotu ber – Official Executive Head a ni a. Tin, Secretary, Executive Officer, Health Officer, Engineer, Finance Officer leh Town Planner te hi awm tura tih an ni.

The Mizoram Municipalities (Amendment) Act, 2009 hian dan hmasa 2007-a siam kha rawn siam thain, Aizawl Municipal Council Area-a awm MLA 11 leh Lok Sabha MP 1 te chu Board of Councillor zingah a telh ta a. Hei hi ngaihtuah ngun a ngai hlein ka hria. Rorelnaah Vote an nei dawn lo nain, Councillor te chu an dip hle dawn in a rinawm a. Municipal Authority pawh hei vang hian nasa taka a chhiat a hlauhawm hle. Municipal sorkarah pawh thuneih an duh a, tel  ve zel an duh tihna a ni mai a. Thuneihna insem zai (decentralization of power) chu a lang lutuk lo emaw ni aw, tih ngaih dan hetah hian a awm a ni.

6.Municipality tih tur leh thuneihna.

Constitution of India Article 243W hnuaia 12th Schedule-ah chuan Municipal tihtur  leh thuneihna chiang takin a ziak a. Chutichuan, AMC pawhin Municipal Dan (Chapter VI,57) a a inziah angin hetiang hian mawhphurhna a la anga, (tlemte chauh kan hriatfiah nan tarlang ila)

  1. Tui sem, tuiluankawr siam, hnawm thenfai leh paih chungchangah te,
  2. Bial awp chhung hmasawnna atana ruahmanna siam te,
  3. Inkalpawhna – Motor kawng, ke a kalna te, khualzin te chawlhbuk sak te, bus dinna hmun siam te, leh a dang tam tak a awm. (The Mizoram Municipalities Act, en rawh). Amaherawh chu, heng Municipal mawhphurhna te hi State Sorkarin Municipal dinhmun thlir chung zelin an tih tur chin chu a pe (transfer) tur a ni.
  1. Engtin nge sum an hmuh ang?

Municipal Fund siam ani ang a, Municipal-in pawisa a dawn te reng reng chu Municipal Fund-ah hian a lut ang. Tin,Budget an ruahman ve ang. State sorkar a\anga sum an hmuh te,  license leh fees an khawn a\anga an hmuh te, chhiah chi hrang hrang an khawn a\anga an hmuh te chu an sum hnar tur a ni. Tin Urban Local Bodies (ULB) hi Central a\anga lo kal, Municipality tana sum bawm, Municipal inenkawlna ber tur pakhat a ni. Khawpui hmasawnna atana programme hrang hrang heng JNNURM, CBULB, UDSSMT, ADB, etc a\anga khawpui tihchangtlunna tur sum (Fund) te hi a ni.

  1. Inthlanna.

Constitution vekin India ram State tin ten Election an neih ngei ngei a phut a, Article 243Q-ah chiang takin ziah a ni. Municipalities inthlan chu state sorkar ni lovin, State Election Commission – in a buatsaih tur a ni. Municipal Electoral Roll pawh siam ngei tur a ni bawk. Ward tin aiawh Councillor thlan turte hi kum 21 aia naupang lo an nih a ngai a, India khua leh tui, inthlan a din an tumna Municipal Area chhunga Electoral Roll – a hming chuang leh State sorkarin qualification \ul dang a tih ang ang a siam te a tling (qualify) an ni tur a ni.

Tichuan, First Aizawl Municipal Election chu November 3,  2010-ah State Election Commission kaihhruainaa neih a ni a. November 4, 2010 khan result puan (Vote Chhiar) a niin, he mi \uma AMC Councillor 19 thlan tharte chu November 16, 2010-ah chhechham – Oath Taking la a dan hnuaiah Councilor atana lakluh an ni. Hetiangin-

          First General Election to Aizawl Municipal Council,2010 List of persons elected as Councilors in the First General Election to Aizawl Municipal Council, held on 3rd Nov.2010.

SIno Name of ward Name of the elected councillors       Party affiliation                     Address

  1. I          Lalrinenga Sailo                      MNF      Durtlang ‘N’
  2. II Hmingthanzami           ZNP       Chaltlang
  3. III Lalthanliana                MPC       Ramhlun ‘N’
  4. IV Lalmalsawmi               MNF      Zarkawt
  5. V Rosiamngheta             MPC       Chanmari
  6. VI Zamanthangi               MNF      Chanmari‘W’
  7. VII Zarzoliana                   ZNP       Zemabawk ‘N’
  8. VIII P.C.Lalhmingthanga   MNF      Armed Veng ‘S’
  9. IX P.C.Lalruatsanga         MPC       Chhinga Veng

10.X          Lalzirliana                   INC        Chawnpui

11.XI         Lalchhuanmawii          ZNP       Tanhril Venglai

12.XII       Laldinsangi                 INC        Dinthar – I

13.XIII      W.Chhuanawma         ZNP       Vaivakawn

14  XIV     Lalrimawia                  ZNP       Khatla

15.XV       C.T.Zakhuma              INC        Nursery Veng

16.XVI      C.Lalsawivunga          MPC       Bethlehem                                                                      Vengthlang

17.XVII    F.Lalhuthangi              INC        Republic Veng

18.XVIII   Biakthansanga             MNF      Venghnuai

19.XIX      Ramhlunsanga             INC        Kulikawn

C.Lalsawivunga

Bethlehem Vengthlang

Aizawl, Mizoram.

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